Summary Objective Transcriptomic changes in joint tissues during the development of osteoarthritis (OA) are of interest for the discovery of biomarkers and mechanisms of disease. The objective of this study was to use the rat medial meniscus transection (MMT) model to discover stage and tissue-specific transcriptomic changes. Design Sham or MMT surgeries were performed in mature rats. Cartilage, menisci and synovium were scored for histopathological changes at 2, 4 and 6 weeks post-surgery and processed for RNA-sequencing. Differentially expressed genes (DEG) were used to identify pathways and mechanisms. Published transcriptomic datasets from animal models and human OA were used to confirm and extend present findings.
Summary Objective Investigate change in physical activity following an 8-week education and exercise therapy program for patients with knee/hip osteoarthritis, focusing on those with low physical activity level. Furthermore, to evaluate associations between changes in pain intensity and physical activity. Method Data from the Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D®) registry, at baseline, immediately after completion, and 12 months after entering the program was used. Measures of interest were UCLA activity scale (1–10) and Visual Analog Scale for pain intensity (0–100 mm). Changes in physical activity levels (low 1–4, moderate 5–6, and high 7–10) over three time points were investigated. Asymmetric fixed effects regression models were used to evaluate the association between clinically relevant change in pain (≥15 mm) and change in physical activity level from baseline to 12 months.
Summary Objective We have identified a 3D network of subchondral microchannels that connects the deep zone of cartilage to the bone marrow (i.e., cartilage-bone marrow microchannel connectors; CMMC). However, the pathological significance of CMMC is largely unknown. Here, we quantitatively evaluated how the CMMC microarchitecture is related to cartilage condition, as well as regional differences in early idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA).
Evaluate patellofemoral cartilage health, as assessed by quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) T2 relaxation times, 24-months after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and determine if they were associated with patellofemoral contact forces and knee mechanics during gait 3 months after surgery.
Summary Objective Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) commonly develops after ACL injury, but early changes to the joint soon after injury are insufficiently understood. The objectives of this study were (1) evaluate the response of subchondral bone tissue modulus to joint injury and (2) identify which bone structural, material, and metabolic outcomes are local (i.e., injured joint only) or systemic (i.e., injured and contralateral-to-injured). Design Female C57Bl∖6N mice (19 weeks at injury) underwent tibial compression overload to simulate ACL injury (n = 8) or a small pre-load (n = 8). Synovial fluid was harvested at euthanasia 7 days later for metabolomic profiling. Bone outcomes included epiphyseal and SCB microarchitecture, SCB nanoindentation modulus, SCB formation rate, and osteoclast number density.
Summary Objective Time spent waiting for access to orthopaedic specialist health services has been suggested to result in increased pain in individuals with osteoarthritis (OA). We assessed whether time spent on an orthopaedic waiting list resulted in a detrimental effect on pain levels in patients with knee or hip OA.
Summary Objective Altered joint function is a hallmark of osteoarthritis (OA). Imaging techniques for joint function are limited, but [18F]sodium fluoride (NaF) PET-MRI may assess the acute joint response to loading stresses. [18F]NaF PET-MRI was used to study the acute joint response to exercise in OA knees, and compare relationships between regions of increased uptake after loading and structural OA progression two years later.
Objective Osteoarthritis (OA) causes gradual cellular alterations, structural anomalies and joint dysfunction. Progressive decline of chondrocyte function plays a vital role on OA pathogenesis. Although protein phosphorylation controls cartilage metabolism, its regulation mechanism in OA remains unclear. Thus, proteomic methods were used to investigate phosphorylation changes in preserved and OA articular cartilage samples, and to explore the intervention targets of phosphorylated kinase.
Despite evidence recommending against the use of opioids, about 20% of people with osteoarthritis take opioids on a long-term basis to manage their pain. But are they helpful? Or are they potentially harmful? Aili Langford joins us on this week's episode to discuss.
Nerve growth factor (NGF) and sensory nerves are key factors in established osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain. We investigated the time course of NGF expression and sensory nerve growth across early and late stages of OA progression in rat knees.
Based on 103,209 primary THA patients, we found that the prevalence rate of patients using analgesics decreased in -Q2 (61–43%) before THA and in Q4 (26–22%) after THA during the 22-year period during 1996–2018.