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Association of oxidative stress and Kashin–Beck disease integrated Meta and Bioinformatics analysis

Published:September 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2022.08.018

      Summary

      Objective

      To explore the association between oxidative stress (OS) and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD).

      Methods

      Terms associated with “KBD” and “OS” were searched in the six different databases up to October 2021. Stata 14.0 was used to pool the means and standard deviations using random-effect or fixed-effect model. The differentially expressed genes in the articular chondrocytes of KBD were identified, the OS related genes were identified by blasting with the GeneCards. The KEGG pathway and gene ontology enrichment analysis was conducted using STRING.

      Results

      The pooled SMD and 95% CI showed hair selenium (−4.59; −6.99, −2.19), blood selenium (−1.65; −2.86, −0.44) and glutathione peroxidases (−4.15; −6.97, −1.33) levels were decreased in KBD, whereas the malondialdehyde (1.12; 0.60, 1.64), nitric oxide (2.29; 1.31, 3.27), nitric oxide synthase (1.07; 0.81, 1.33) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (1.69; 0.62, 2.77) were increased compared with external controls. Meanwhile, hair selenium (−2.71; −5.32, −0.10) and glutathione peroxidases (−1.00; −1.78, −0.22) in KBD were decreased, whereas the malondialdehyde (1.42; 1.04, 1.80), nitric oxide (3.08; 1.93, 4.22) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (0.81; 0.00, 1.61) were elevated compared with internal controls. Enrichment analysis revealed apoptosis was significantly correlated with KBD. The significant biological processes revealed OS induced the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. The cellular component of OS located in the mitochondrial outer membrane.

      Conclusions

      The OS levels in KBD were significantly increased because of selenium deficiency, OS mainly occurred in mitochondrial outer membrane, released of cytochrome c from mitochondria, and induced apoptotic signaling pathway.

      Keywords

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